Information for people experiencing Long COVID and their whānau

Updated 1 April 2021


Long COVID is the name given to the symptoms experienced by people after the initial COVID-19 infection. You might also hear it called post-COVID syndrome, long-haul COVID, post-acute COVID, or chronic COVID.

Common COVID-19 symptoms Can include:

  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cough
  • Low mood
  • Headaches
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Chest pain
  • Joint pain
  • Muscle pain and weakness
  • Ongoing changes to smell or taste
  • Fast-beating or pounding heart

Some people appear to experience more serious long-term complications of COVID-19, although these are not as common.

Researchers have reported Long COVID worldwide, and we are also seeing people experiencing Long COVID in New Zealand.

Even people who had a mild case of COVID-19 are experiencing Long COVID three or more months later. It is still unclear if there are differences in the experience of Long COVID between people of different ages, genders, or ethnicities, or about the impact on those who have other underlying health issues.

As Long COVID is still new, scientists and health professionals are still working out the best ways to manage and treat it. Currently, they are figuring out the best rehabilitation methods for those with Long COVID. In Scotland, Ireland, and the U.S. there have been announcements for large funds dedicated to Long COVID patient research and rehabilitation. In New Zealand, the Ministry of Health is calling for research proposals on Long COVID.

Tips and advice can be found in the Resources Lists below.

The lack of information about Long COVID can be frustrating for people experiencing it. Remember you are not alone; there are people all around the world experiencing Long COVID. There are online groups established for people with Long COVID where you can get support and meet others experiencing this condition:

Facebook group for Long COVID N.Z.

Facebook group for Long COVID U.K.

Twitter @LongCovidNZ

For support around the management and treatment of your Long COVID symptoms, please seek the help of your G.P. or health care team. It is essential to contact your G.P. if you develop any new or worsening symptoms such as:

  • Swelling of a leg or arm.
  • Losing more weight.
  • A fast-beating or racing heart.
  • Muscle aches
  • Dizziness

Dial 111 or seek urgent medical care if you:

  • Are coughing up blood.
  • Have severe chest pain.
  • Are getting more breathless.

Remember if you need someone to talk to you can free call or text 1737 any time of the day or night to speak with a trained counsellor.

Tracking Symptoms

Because of the lack of clarity around the symptoms and experiences of Long COVID some patients may find it useful to keep track of their symptoms. Tracking (or keeping a log) of your symptoms can help better understand your symptoms, identify which symptoms impact you most, and identify patterns and changes in your symptoms.

You may also find it useful to take this to your appointments with your healthcare professionals when discussing your Long COVID symptoms. There a number of apps you can download for this purpose, or if you prefer a paper version, an example can be found here.


There are preliminary reports from the U.S and the U.K that Long COVID patients are experiencing improved symptoms after their second vaccine shot. However, so far there are no peer reviewed studies on the impact of vaccines on Long COVID and therefore these reports should be interpreted with caution. Scientists are urgently calling for studies in this area.

More information

Internationally efforts are underway to understand why Long COVID develops and how best to manage or treat it. This page will be updated as new evidence becomes available.

For more information about Long COVID, please see the resource list below or go to Information for G.P.s and other health professionals.

Resource list

Social Media


Facebook group for Long COVID N.Z.


Office for National Statistics, U.K.

Centres for Disease Control and Prevention

Covid Symptom Study

National Health Service

Patient Safety Learning

Survivor Corps

World Health Organization. Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19)


NZ Herald Article.

Clinical Sequelae of Covid-19 Survivors in Wuhan, China: A Single-Centre Longitudinal Study

Coronavirus: Vaccines unexpectedly appear to fix 'Long COVID'

Early Rehabilitation in Post-Acute Covid-19 Patients: Data from an Italian Covid-19 Rehabilitation Unit and Proposal of a Treatment Protocol

Long Covid: 'I can't walk 10m without a rest'

Muscle Strength and Physical Performance in Patients without Previous Disabilities Recovering from Covid-19 Pneumonia

New Zealand COVID-19 long-haulers still suffering long-term effects a year on

Covid 19 coronavirus: 'Long haulers' speak of long-term virus effects

NIH Announce Funding

Patient Outcomes after Hospitalisation with Covid-19 and Implications for Follow-Up: Results from a Prospective Uk Cohort.

Persistent Symptoms 3 Months after a Sars-Cov-2 Infection: The Post-Covid-19 Syndrome?

Some Long COVID patients feel much better after getting the vaccine

Some long-haul covid-19 patients say their symptoms are subsiding after getting vaccine

The Many Strange Long-term Symptoms of COVID-19 Explained.

What Are the Long-Term Health Impacts of Coronavirus?

What if You Never Get Better from COVID-19?


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The information on this page was prepared by multi-disciplinary health professionals at the National Institute for Health Innovation and affiliates and was originally created on 9 December 2020.